Zakah al-Fitr is often referred to as Sadaqah al-Fitr. The word Fitr means the same as Iftar, breaking a fast and it comes from the same root word as Futur which means breakfast. Thus, Islamically, Zakah al-Fitr is the name given to charity which is distributed at the end of the fast of Ramadan.
Sadaqah al-Fitr is a duty which is Wajib on every Muslim, whether Continue reading
Below are Haram days to fast:
1. Eid al-Fitr (1st Shawwal).
2. Eid al-Adha (10th Dhul Hijjah)
3. The days of Tashriq (11th, 12th, 13th Dhul Hijjah – the three days following Eid al-Adha).
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1. Partaking of food prior to the commencement of the fast.
2. Breaking the fast by eating dates or with a drink of water.
3. Putting away the toothbrush after the noon prayer (dhuhr).
4. Charity and good deeds.
5. Performance of voluntary Congregational night prayers tarawih. Continue reading
Surat Adh-Dhāriyāt (The Winnowing Winds):56
وَمَا خَلَقْتُ الْجِنَّ وَالْإِنسَ إِلَّا لِيَعْبُدُونِ
Wamaa khalaqtu aljinna waalinsa illa liya’buduun
And I did not create the jinn and mankind except to worship Me. (Sahih International; quran.com) Continue reading
1. Intention for Fasting (in the heart)
وَبِصَوْمِ غَدٍ نَّوَيْتُ مِنْ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ
Wa bi-sawmi ghadin nawaytu min shahri Ramadan
I intend to keep the fast for tomorrow in the month of Ramadan.
2. Dua for Breaking Fast (Iftar)
اللَّهُمَّ إنِّى لَكَ صُمْتُ وَبِكَ آمَنْتُ [وَعَلَيْكَ تَوَكَّلْتُ] وَعَلَى رِزْقِكَ اَفْطَرْتُ
Allahumma inni laka sumtu wa bika aamantu [wa ‘alayka tawakkaltu] wa ‘alaa rizqika aftartu Continue reading
1. Who must fast in Ramadan?
a. Every accountable Muslim is obligated to fast the month of Ramadan. To be of full age, the age of puberty and discretion, which is normally about fourteen. Children under this age should be encouraged to start this good practice on easy levels, so when they reach the age of puberty they will be mentally and physically prepared to observe the fasting. Continue reading
1. Fasting is a Shield
Fasting provides protection from evil for those who sincerely fast. Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: “Fasting is a shield.”
Narrated Uthman ibn Abil – Aas and Jaabir (may Allaah be pleased with them): The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “Fasting is a shield with which a servant protects himself from Fire.” Continue reading
The ultimate goal of the fast is to develop taqwa (consciousness of God) in people, as Allah said in Surah al–Baqarah Verse 183, “…that you may become righteous (taqwa).”
Taqwa is amongst the highest moral qualities that a Muslim can attain. It is achieved by placing a shield between ones self and Allah’s wrath, as the root meaning of the word implies (i.e. taqwa comes from the verb waqaa, which means “to safeguard”). Continue reading
Sawm is wajib/fard (compulsory) on Muslims, according to the Qur’an and Sunnah (tradition of the Prophet), during the night month of the Hijri calendar, called Ramadan.
Allah, the Most High, said in the Qur’an, “The month of Ramadan in which was revealed the Qur’an, a guidance for mankind and clear proofs for the guidance and the criterion (between right and wrong). So whoever of you sights Continue reading
What does Sawm (fasting) mean?
The meaning of fasting in Arabic is ‘’sawm’’ and ‘’siyam’’. The word “sawm” means “to keep away from something, to restrain oneself, to prevent oneself in Arabic.
As a Fıqh term, it means “to keep away from eating, drinking and conjugal relations (jima) between husband and wife from dawn until the sunset (maghrib) consciously and by seeking a goal. Continue reading