Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala has Created many different creatures. Some of them we can see, like the beautiful birds in the sky, the Elephants in the wild, the fish in the sea, and you and me.
But Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala has also made creatures that we cannot see! Do you know what they are?
One type of Creature that we cannot see are called Al Malaikah or the Angels. They are made of light.
Angels are workers of Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala. They do whatever Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta’ala) tells them to do. They pray and worship and Glorify Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala, some carry the throne of Allah (Ta’ala), some help Muslims in times of need (like the battle of Badr), others sit on our shoulders and write down all the good and bad deeds that we may do. Angels have many, many different jobs.
Belief in the Angels is a fundamental part of Iman (faith), just like the belief in Tawheed/Tauhid (Oneness of Allah) and the Risalah (Prophet-hood). .
Below are the names and functions of the 10 leading Angels (alayhum salam).
- Jibril: To deliver the Divine Revelations from Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta’ala) to His chosen Messengers from among the prophets (alayhum salam).
- Mikail: To manage man’s mundane necessities, bring forth rain and oversee the cultivation of crops.
- Israfil: To blow the Trumpet: once, for the destruction of the universe; and again, for the Resurrection of all accountable beings to face Judgment Day.
- Izrail: Angel of Death, the most fearsome of them all, who does not delay nor expedite the hour of claiming the soul.
- Maalik: Guardian of Jahannum (Hell-fire), an unwelcome sight, for the unfortunate and wretched dwellers of the eternal fire.
- Ridwan: Guardian of Paradise, who welcomes the Prophets (alayhum salam) and the righteous who have been blessed by Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta’ala).
- Munkar : To question the dead on issues relating to his/her God, prophet Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam, religion, belief, deeds, etc. Questioning in the grave.
- Nakir: To question the dead on issues relating to his/her God, prophet Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam, religion, belief, deeds, etc.
- Raqib: Sits on man’s right shoulder to record his/her good deeds.
- Atid: Sits on man’s left shoulder to record his/her evil deeds.
Together Raqib and Atid are called the Kirama Katibeen.
“(Remember) that the two receivers (recording Angels) receive (each human being), one sitting on the right and one on the left (to note his or her actions. Not a word does he (or she) utter but there is a watcher by him ready (to record it).” (Qur’an 50:16-18) In another verse (82:11), these Angels are referred to as Kiraman Katibin or “honorable scribes”.
Wassalamu’alaikum wr wb.